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Brain Injury is a Chronic Medical Condition

TBI is not just an acute event but a chronic disease¹ 

Without treatment, brain injury can manifest into a disease-like state that is linked to Parkinson’s Disease, Motor Neurone Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, Frontal Lobe Dementia, CTE.²

Brain Injury is a Chronic Medical Condition!

A Traumatic Brain Injury TBI is an event followed by a disease-like cascade of progressively destructive secondary mechanisms.³

Millions of people worldwide are stuck in the current healthcare system, which often inadequately defines treatment for traumatic brain injury as similar to other physical injuries. 

Treated as an event, people are left without adequate health care, and rehabilitation is often brief. In countries where the insurance industry dictates the treatment plan, individuals are dismayed and outraged by the lack of understanding of their needs. 

The perception exists that following brief treatment, people will be able to continue with their lives; however, this is more a rarity than a norm. 

xray image of nervous systemTraumatic brain injury fits the World Health Organisation’s definition of chronic disease, and science confirms the deleterious effects of secondary brain injury on the whole body. The initial event creates an inflammatory cascade affecting multiple organs, the immune and endocrine systems. 

As scientific understanding continues to bring more details to light, many researchers are racing to provide brain injury-specific biomarkers. These biomarkers will improve the understanding health care providers have of the effects of brain injury on a patient and will improve diagnosis and treatment.

The evidence that indicates brain injury is a dynamic condition continues to grow and supports the case for long-term health provision sympathetic to the causation event. 

Traumatic brain injury must be reclassified as a chronic disease. 

Correctly classifying brain injury in this way will mean that health care providers and the insurance industry must redefine the treatment people receive. 



(1) Further reference: PubMed Masel BE, DeWitt DS. Traumatic brain injury: a disease process, not an event. J Neurotrauma. 2010 Aug;27(8):1529-40. doi: 10.1089/neu.2010.1358. PMID: 20504161.

(2) Xiong Y, Mahmood A, Chopp M. Current understanding of neuroinflammation after traumatic brain injury and cell-based therapeutic opportunities. Chin J Traumatol. 2018;21(3):137-151. doi:10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.02.003

(3) Neuro Trauma 18 01 Molecular aspects of TBI by Ciaran Scott Hill from Instant Help on Vimeo Ciaran Scott Hill, Neurosurgery Registrar & Honorary Senior Lecturer, London

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